The esophagus, gastric, and duodenum have been inspected by means of the endoscope which is a lightened system. Panendoscopy has created a golden Standard in the diagnosis of many diseases especially peptic ulcer, oesophageal cancers and gastric cancers. Moreover, it has presented the opportunities of the minimal invasive treatment in the upper gastrointestinal system bleedings especially the bleedings depending upon peptic ulcer and variceal hemorrhages developing in the patients with chronic liver disease. The densities, which have developed in the esophagus or gastric outflow (pylorus canal), can be enlarged with different endoscopic methods. In the densities of the esophagus due to cancer, the patient is provided for a normal nutrition by fixing a stent (tube).
Rectoscopy is a method which enables the evaluation of the distal (the farthest) 25 cm of the anus and colon. It is important to do rectoscopy in every person who has an anus bleeding for the early diagnosis of the rectum cancers. Furthermore, some types of hemorrhoids can be treated with the fastening method.
ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography)
It is an operation which enables the imaging of the bile and pancreatic ducts. It makes the non-surgical excision of the bile duct calculi possible.
It is an operation that allows for the examination of the liver tissue in the conditions approved by the doctor.
It is an operation that enables the direct imaging and biopsy conduction of the abdominal wall and intraabdominal organs. It has a great diagnostic significance especially for the patients who have an unaccountable intraabdominal fluid accumulation